These photos run the gamut of my evolution as a bird photographer, ranging from some early efforts that are in poor focus to excellent shots in crisp focus and good lighting.

no photos may be used without permission!

Recent updates in RED

Struthionidae (Ostriches, Emus, Rheas)
Ostrich (Struthio camelus)



Anatidae (Ducks & Geese)
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
American Widgeon (Anas americana)

Northern Shovelor (Anas clypeata)
 
Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera)

Blue-winged Teal (Anas discolors)

Red-billed Teal (Anas erythrorhyncha)

Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula)
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
 
Gadwall (Anas strepera)

Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)

Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)
Redhead (Aythya americana)
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)

Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsonii)
Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)
Black-bellied Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)

Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata) photos added 01/04/19
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)
Masked Duck (Oxyura dominicus)

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)



Cracidae (Curassows, Guans)
Plain Chacalaca (Ortalis vetula)



Phasianidae (Partridges, Grouse, Turkey)
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) 
Sooty Grouse (Dendragapus fulginosus)  
Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis)
Turkey (Meleagris gallapavo)
Red-billed Francolin (Pternistes adspersus)



Numididae (Guineafowl)
Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris)


Odontophoridae (New World Quail)

California Quail (Callipepla californica)

Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata)
Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)




Gaviidae (Loons)
Common Loon (Gavia immer) photos added 01/04/19
Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata)
NEW! photos added 01/04/19



Podicepedidae (Grebes)
Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis)
Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) 
Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)  
Least Grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus) 



Procellariidae (Shearwaters, Petrels)
Cory's Shearwater (Callonectris diomedea)



Hydrobatidae (Storm-Petrels)
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel (Oceanodrama castro)
Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodrama leucorhoa)



Fregetidae (Frigatebirds)
Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregeta magnificens)



Pelicanidae (Pelicans)
American White Pelican (Pelicanus erythrorhynchus)
Brown Pelican (Pelicanus occidentalis)



Anhingidae (Darters)
Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga)



Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
Neotropic Cormorant (Phalocrocorax brasilianus)
 
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalocrocorax pelagicus)




Ardeidae (Herons & Egrets)
Great Egret (Ardea alba) 
Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
  
American Bittern (Botaurus lentigninosus)

Green Heron (Butorides virescens)

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)  
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
 
Tri-colored Heron (Egretta tricolor)

Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) 
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) 
Yellow-crowned Night Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)



Ciconiidae (Storks)
White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)
Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)
 




Threskiornithidae (Ibises)
White Ibis (Eudocimus albus)
Roseate Spoonbill (Platelea ajaja)

White-faced Ibis (Plegladis chihi)



Carthartidae (New World Vultures)
Turkey Vulture (Carthartes aura)   
Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
 
California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus)




Acciptridae (Hawks, Kites, Eagles)
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)
Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperi)

Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax)

White-tailed Hawk (Buteo albicaudatus)

Zone-tailed Hawk (Buteo albonatus)
 
Augur Buzzard (Buteo augur)
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Gray Hawk (Buteo nitidus)

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus)

Northern Harrier (Circus hudsonius)
Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)
White-backed Vulture (Gyps africanus)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) photos added 01/04/19
Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis)
Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk (Melierax canorus)
Gabar Goshawk (Melierax gabar)

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
 
Harris' Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)
 



Falconidae (Falcons)
Crested Caracara (Caracara cheriway)  
Merlin (Falco columbarius)

Rock Kestrel (Falco rupicolis)

American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)

Pygmy Falcon (Polihierax semitorquatus)


Aramidae (Limpkin)
Limpkin (Aramaus guarauna)


Rallidae (Rails)
Sora (Coturnicops noveboracensis)  
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
American Coot (Fulica americana)
Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica)
  



Gruidae (Cranes)
Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis)



Otididae (Bustards)
Kori Bustard (Ardeotis kori)
Rüppell's Korhaan (Eupodotis rueppellii)



Charadriidae (Plovers)
Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus)  
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

American Golden Plover (Pluvialis dominica)
Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)

Blacksmith Lapwing (Vanellus armatus)
Crowned Lapwing (Vanellus coronatus)




Jacanidae (Jacanas)
Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa)



Haematopodidae (Oystercatchers)
Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmanni)


Recurvirostridae (Stilts, Avocets)
American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana)
Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)




Scolopacidae (Sandpipers)
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius)
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
Sanderling (Calidris alba)

Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri)

Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)

Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)

Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)
Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)
 
Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
Willet (Tringa semipalmata)

Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)



Laridae (Gulls, Terns)
Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) photos added 01/04/19
Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla)
Mew Gull (Larus canus)
NEW! photos added 01/04/19
Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarenesis)

Glaucus-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)
NEW! photos added 01/04/19
Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger)

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis)
Royal Tern (Thalasseus maxima)
Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea)
NEW! photos added 01/04/19
Least Tern (Sternula antillarum)
Black Tern (Childonias niger)



Alcidae - (Auks, Murres, Puffins)
Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) photos added 01/04/19
Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus columba) NEW! photos added 01/04/19
Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle)

Rhinocerus Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata)

Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata)


Pteroclidae (Sandgrouse)
Namaqua Sandgrouse (Pterocles namaqua)



Columbidae (Doves, Pigeons)
Feral Pigeon (Columba livia)
Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus)
Inca Dove (Columbina inca)
Common Ground Dove (Columbina passerina)

White-tipped Dover (Leptotila verreauxi)  
Namaqua Dove (Oena capensis) 
Cape Turtle Dove (Streptopelia capicola)
Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
 
Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis)
 
White-winged Dover (Zenaida asiatica)
 
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
 



Psittacidae (Parrots)
Rosy-faced Lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis)



Musophagidae (Turacos)
Gray Lourie (Corythaixoides concolor)



Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Greater Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus)




Strigidae (Owls)
Burrowing Owl (Athene canicularia)
Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Barred Owl (Strix varia)




Tytonidae (Barn & Grass Owls)
Barn Owl (Tyto alba)



Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)

Common Paraque (Nyctidromus albicollis)




Apodidae (Swifts)
White-throated Swift (Aeronautes saxatilis)
Common Swift (Apus apus)

Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)



Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
Buff-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia yucatanensis)
Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)

Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae)
Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)
Plain-capped Starthroat (Heliomaster constantii)

Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus)
Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)
 



Coliidae (Mousebirds)
White-backed Mousebird (Colius colius)



Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon)
Ringed Kingfisher (Ceryle torquatus)  
Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)  
Green Kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana)



Meropidae (Bee-eaters)
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater (Merops hirundineus)



Coraciidae (Rollers)
Purple Roller (Coracias naevius)  



Upupidae (Hoopoes)
African Hoopoe (Upupa africana)



Bucerotidae (Hornbills)
Bradfield's Hornbill (Tockus bradfieldi)
Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill (Tockus leucomelas)
 
Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)



Capitonidae (Barbets)
Acacia Pied Barbet (Tricholaema leucomelas) 


Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Golden-tailed Woodpecker (Campethera abingoni)  
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
Bearded Woodpecker (Dendropicos namaquus)
Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons)
 
Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)  
Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

Acorn Woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus)

Ladder-backed Woodpecker (Picoides scalaris)

Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) 

Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)  


 
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
Eastern Wood Pewee (Contopus virens)
Hammond's Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii)
Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
Ash-throated Flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens)

Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
 
Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)
 
Vermillion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)
 
Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
Say's Phoebe (Sayornis saya)
 
Couch's Kingbird (Tyrannus couchi)
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus)

Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melanocholicus)
Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrranus) 
Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis)
Cassin's Kingbird (Tyrannus vociferans)




Laniidae (Shrikes)
Common Fiscal (Lanius collaris)
Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)
 



Malaconotidae (Bush-shrikes)
Black-backed Puffback (Dryoscopus cubla)
Crimson-breasted Shrike (Laniarius atrococcineus)
 
Brown-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra australis)



Vireonidae (Vireos)

Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla)
Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii)
Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)
White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)

Plumbeous Virea (Vireo plumbeus)

Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)




Corvidae (Crows & Jays)
Woodhouse's Scrub Jay (Aphelocoma woodhousei)
Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma ultramarina)
 
Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) 
Stellar's Jay (Cyanocitta stellari)

Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas)
 
American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Northwestern Crow (Corvus caurinus)
photos added 01/04/19
Northern Raven (Corvus corax)

Chihuahuan Raven (Corvus cryptoleucus)

Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus)
 
Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana)
Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)
 



Alaudidae (Larks)
Sabota Lark (Calendulauda sabota)  
Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris)
 



Hirudinidae (Swallows)
Purple Martin (Progne subis)
Barn Swallow (Hirundo fulva) 

Cave Swallow (Pterochelidon fulva)

Cliff Swallow (Pterochelidon pyrrhonota)
Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Tree Swallow (Tachycincta bicolor)




Dicruridae (Drongos)
Fork-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis)



Timaliidae (Babblers)
Southern Pied Babbler (Turdoides bicolor)



Paridae (Chickadees & Titmice)
Tufted Titmouse (Baelophus bicolor)  
Black-crested Titmouse (Baeolophus atricristatus)
 
Ashy Tit (Parus cinerascens)
Great Tit (Parus major)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
photos added 01/04/19
Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)
 
Chestnut-backed Chickadee (Poecile rufescens)




Remizidae (Penduline-Tits)
Cape Penduline-Tit (Anthoscopus minutus) 



Sittidae (Nuthatches)
Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) 
White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)



Troglodytidae (Wrens)
Cactus Wren (Camplyorhynchus brunneicapillus)
Canyon Wren (Catherpes mexicanus)
 
Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris) 
 
Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)
Rock Wren (Salpinctes obsoletus)
Bewick's Wren (Thyromanes bewickii)
Carolina Wren (Thyrothorus ludovicianus)

Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)




Regulidae (Kinglets)
Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)



Sylviidae (Gnatcatchers & Old World Warblers)
Gray-backed Camaroptera (Camaroptera brevicaudata)
Yellow-bellied Eromomela (Eromomela icteropygialis)
 
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)
 
Black-chested Prinia (Prinia flavicans)

Long-billed Crombec (Sylvietta rufescens)



Cisticolidae (Cisticoloas)
Tinkling Cisticola (Cisticola rufilatus)



Platysteiridae (Batises)
Pririt Batis (Batis pririt)



Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)
Marico Flycatcher (Bradornis mariquensis)
Familiar Chat (Cercomela familiaris)

Kalahari Scrub-robin (Cercotrichas paena)  
European Robin (Erithacus rubecula)  
Short-toed Rockthrush (Monticola brevipes)
Southern Anteating Chat (Myrmecocichla formicivora)

Mountain Wheatear (Oenanthe monticola)
 
Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe)
    



Turdidae (Thrushes)
Hermit Thrush (Cartharus guttatus)  
Swainson's Thrush (Cartharus ustulatus)
Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi)  
Groundscraper Thrush (Psophocichla litsitsirupa)  
Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
 
Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)  
 
Western Bluebird (Sialia mexicana)

Clay-colored Robin (Turdus grayi)
 
Blackbird (Turdus merula)
 
American Robin (Turdus migratorius)




Mimidae (Mimic Thrushes)
Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)
Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottus)  
Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufrum)  
Long-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)

Curve-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre)
 



Pycnonotidae (Bulbuls)
African Red-eyed Bulbul (Pyconotus nigricans)  



Sturnidae (Starlings)
Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Burchell's Starling (Lamprotornis australis)

Cape Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis nitens)



Motacilliade (Pipits & Wagtails)
African Grassveld Pipit (Anthus cinnamomeus)
American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)



Bombycillidae (Waxwings)
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)



Ptilogonatidae (Silky Flycatchers)
Phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens)



Parulidae (Wood Warblers)
Wilson's Warbler (Cardellina pusilla)
MacGillivray's Warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum) 
Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens)

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)

Orange-crowned Warbler (Oreothlypis celata)
   
Tennessee Warbler (Oreothlypis peregrina)
Virginia's Warbler (Oreothlypis virginiae)

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla)

Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

Ovenbird (Seirus aurocapilla)
 
Northern Parula (Setophaga americana)
Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)
  
Prairie Warbler (Setophaga discolor)

Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca)
 
Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii)
Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia)
Pine Warbler (Setophaga pinus)
 
Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum)
Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pennsylvanica)

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)

Black-throated Green Warbler (Stetophaga virens)
 
  Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus)  



Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Scarlet-chested Sunbird (Chalcomitra senegalensis)    
Dusky Sunbird (Cinnyris fuscus)  
Marico Sunbird (Cinnyris mariquensis)
 
White-bellied Sunbird (Cinnyris talatala)



Viduidae (Wydahs, Indigobirds)
Shaft-tailed Wydah (Vidua regia)



Estrillidae (Waxbills)
Black-faced Waxbill (Estrilda erythronotus)
Violet-eared Waxbill (Granatina granatina)
Blue Waxbill (Uraeginthus angolensis)
Green-winged Pytilia (Pytilia melba)



Emberizidae (Buntings & Sparrows)
Bachman's Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis)
Cassin's Sparrow (Aimophila cassinii)
Rufous-crowned Sparrow (Aimophila ruficeps)    
Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodrammus savannarum)
 
Black-throated Sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata)

Olive Sparrow (Arremonops rufivirgatus)

Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys)
Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus)
Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Golden-breasted Bunting (Emberiza flaviventris)
Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hymenalis)
Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)
Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolni)
Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
photos added 01/04/19
Green-tailed Towhee (Papilio chlorurus)

Eastern Towhee (Papilio erythrophthalmus)
 
Canyon Towhee (Papilio fuscus)

Spotted Towhee (Papilio maculatus)

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)
 
Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)
 
Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)
White-collared Seedeater (Sporophila torqueola)
 
White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla)

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Harris's Sparrow (Zonotricha querula)


Cardinalidae (Cardinals & Grosbeaks)
Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)    
Pyrrhuloxia (Cardinalis sinuatus)
 
Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena)
Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris)

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus)

Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava)
Western Tanager (Piranga ludovicianus)

Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
 
Dicksissel (Spiza americana)
 
  



Icteridae (Orioles & Blackbirds)
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Hooded Oriole (Icterus guttatus)

Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis) 
Scott's Oriole (Icterus parisorum)
Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscala)
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Eastern Meadowlark (Sternella magna)

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)



Fringillidae (Finches)
Red-headed Finch (Amadina erythrocephala)
Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis saltria)
American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

Cassin's Finch (Carpodacus cassinii)

House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)

Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus)

Black-throated Canary (Serinus atrogularis)
Yellow Canary (Serinus flaviventris)
 
Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus)




Passeridae (Weaver Finches)
Red-billed Buffalo Weaver (Bubalornis niger)
Southern Grey-headed Sparrow (Passer diffusus)
Cape Sparrow (Passer melanurus)
 
Great Sparrow (Passer motitensis)
 
White-browed Sparrow-weaver (Plocepasser mahali)




Ploceidae (Weavers)
Sociable Weaver (Philetairus socius) 
Southern Masked Weaver (Ploceus velatus) 
 
Red-billed Quelea (Quelea quelea)